Quad Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

We, the Foreign Ministers of Australia, India and Japan and the Secretary of State of the United States, have gathered in Melbourne, Australia, on February 11, 2022, for the Fourth Quadruple Meeting of foreign ministers. At the meeting, we reaffirm the Quad’s commitment to supporting the efforts of Indo-Pacific countries to advance a free and open Indo-Pacific – a region that is inclusive and resilient, and in which states strive to protect the interests of their people, without coercion.

Our meeting furthered the Quad’s positive and ambitious agenda. We are focused on working closely with Indo-Pacific partners to address the region’s most important challenges. By working together as a Quad, we are more effective in providing practical support to the region.

As staunch supporters of ASEAN unity and centrality and the ASEAN-led architecture, we continue to support ASEAN partners to advance the practical implementation of ASEAN perspectives. ASEAN on the Indo-Pacific. The principles of the Outlook are fundamental to regional stability and prosperity and will be essential in guiding the economic and political future of the region. We recognize the importance of subregional mechanisms and institutions, including in the Mekong subregion. We will continue to support Cambodia in its important role as ASEAN 2022 Chair.

As we enter the third year of the COVID-19 pandemic, Quad partners have collectively provided over 500 million doses of vaccine. Together, we have pledged to donate more than 1.3 billion doses of vaccine worldwide. We are pleased with the rapid progress of the Quad Vaccine partnership in expanding vaccine production at Biological E Ltd’s facility in India, which aims to deliver at least 1 billion vaccines by the end of 2022. We expect looking forward to delivery of the first batch of Quad-supported vaccines in the first half of this year. We are helping train healthcare workers, tackle vaccine hesitancy and strengthen infrastructure, especially cold chain systems, for “last mile” vaccine delivery. We work to identify and address vaccine gaps and barriers exacerbated by gender, disability and social inequalities, and to ensure safe, effective, affordable and quality-assured vaccine coverage in challenging areas of access. We welcome the timely initiative to coordinate the response to the fight against the COVID pandemic as part of a global action plan for enhanced engagement.

We welcome the progress made in the practical cooperation we pursue as Foreign Ministers of the Quadruple to address regional challenges, including humanitarian assistance and disaster response (HADR), maritime security, the fight against terrorism, countering disinformation and cybersecurity.

We are strengthen HADR cooperation in the region. Since 2004, when we worked together in response to the Indian Ocean tsunami, Quad partners have continued to respond quickly and effectively to natural disasters in the Indo-Pacific. We recognize that recent natural disasters and the COVID-19 pandemic have highlighted the need to build and maintain resilience in the face of such events, and we are proud to support our Tongan partners in their response and recovery efforts. after the January 2022 volcanic eruption and tsunami. We are committed to further strengthening our collaboration and linking our response agencies to provide rapid and effective HADR support to the region.

The Quad recognizes that international law, peace and security in the maritime domain underpin the development and prosperity of the Indo-Pacific. We reaffirm the importance of respect for international law, in particular as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), in addressing challenges to the rules-based maritime order, including in South and East China Seas. We are determined to deepen engagement with regional partners, including through capacity building and technical assistance, to enhance maritime domain awareness; protect their ability to develop offshore resources, in accordance with UNCLOS; ensuring freedom of navigation and overflight; tackling challenges, such as illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing; and promote the safety and security of maritime lines of communication.

The Quad exchanges information on ever-evolving threats and works with countries in the Indo-Pacific and in multilateral forums to counter all forms of terrorism and violent extremism. We denounce the use of terrorist proxies for cross-border terrorism and urge countries to work together to eliminate terrorist havens; disrupt terrorist networks and the infrastructure and financial circuits that support them; and halt the cross-border movement of terrorists. In this context, we call on all countries to ensure that the territory under their control is not used to launch terrorist attacks and to quickly bring the perpetrators of these attacks to justice. We reiterate our condemnation of the terrorist attacks in India, including the 26/11 attacks in Mumbai and Pathankot. We reaffirm UNSC Resolution 2593 (2021) that Afghan territory should not be used to threaten or attack any country, harbor or train terrorists, or plan or finance terrorist acts, as these ungoverned spaces pose a direct threat to the safety and security of the Indo-Pacific .

The Quad supports regional neighbors to build resilience and counter misinformation. We will also coordinate efforts to help Indo-Pacific partners address the growing threat of ransomware, enhancing capacity building to ensure resilient cybersecurity and combat cybercrime. We are committed to promoting international peace and stability in cyberspace and to helping build the capacity of countries in the region to implement the United Nations Voluntary Framework for Responsible State Behavior in Cyberspace.

Quad partners champion a free, open, and inclusive rules-based order rooted in international law that protects the sovereignty and territorial integrity of countries in the region. We reaffirm our commitment to defending and strengthening the rules-based multilateral trading system, with the World Trade Organization at its core. We oppose coercive economic policies and practices that go against this system and will work collectively to foster global economic resilience in the face of such actions.

We express our commitment to strengthen our diplomatic efforts so that the vision for technologies, guided by the Quad principles on the design, development, governance and use of technology, is more shared by all like-minded nations.

Reflecting Quad leadership’s commitment to working together to build responsible and resilient clean energy supply chains, we welcome Australia’s offer to host an Indo-Pacific Clean Energy Supply Chain Forum in mid-2022.

We reaffirm our belief that our people-to-people connections are among the Quad’s greatest strengths and welcome new U.S. exchange programs in the areas of cybersecurity, maritime security, countering disinformation, and promoting transparency in governance. We are exploring a 1.5 track of dialogue between our respective strategic thinkers.

Alongside the agenda of our Quad Foreign Ministers, we welcome the other work underway to implement the Quad leaders’ ambitious initiatives in key areas, such as the Quad Vaccine partnership, climate change, cybersecurity , infrastructure and the peaceful use of outer space, education and critical and emerging technologies.

We remain gravely concerned about the crisis in Myanmar and call for an end to the violence, the release of all those arbitrarily detained, including foreigners, and unhindered humanitarian access. We reaffirm our support for ASEAN’s efforts to find a solution in Myanmar and call on the military regime to urgently implement the ASEAN Five-Point Consensus and quickly return Myanmar to the path of democracy. We encourage the international community to work together to support an end to the violence.

We condemn North Korea’s destabilizing ballistic missile launches in violation of United Nations Security Council (UNSCR) resolutions, reaffirm our commitment to the complete denuclearization of North Korea in accordance with the UNSCRs, and reconfirm the need for immediate resolution of the abducted Japanese issue.

We look forward to Japan hosting the next Quad Leaders’ Summit in the first half of 2022.

We will continue to come together each year to act as a force for good for the region.